Understanding Emerging Technologies, Racial Equity, and the Future of Work

This NSF funded project brings together experts from across the social sciences, computer sciences, and engineering. The major goal of the workshop is to develop a shared knowledge of the current social organizational and technological processes transforming labor markets, and lay out research questions that will engage computer scientists, engineers, and social scientists in imagining brighter futures. The workshop will produce communication products that will be shared with key stakeholders like labor and business leaders, entrepreneurs, and nonprofit advocates, as well as state and local policymakers. The communication products will aid in developing an informed central research agenda that will increase the likelihood of positive impact on technology, equity, and work. We anticipate this workshop will be an important, and much needed conversation around crucial questions of racial disparities in automation and work, particularly the social and technical challenges of shaping emergent technologies that are equitable and result in "good" jobs for a wider range of workers.

The project develops research questions and agendas around the following topics:

  • add Artificial Intelligence and Job Training to Empower People
  • add Who Designs New Technologies and for Whom
  • add Self-Driving Cars and Who is Affected
  • add How Cities can be Innovative and Racially Integrated
  • add What is a Good Job and How all Workers can have one


  • bookmark Alegria, S. & Branch, E. H. (2015). Causes and consequences of inequality in the STEM: Diversity and its discontents. International Journal of Gender, Science, and Technology. 7(3), 321-342.
  • bookmark Autor, D. H., Levy, F., & Murnane, R. J. (2003). The skill content of recent technological change: An empirical exploration. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118(4), 1279-1333.
  • bookmark Bound, J., Braga, B., Golden, J. M., & Turner, S. (2013). Pathways to adjustment: The case of information technology workers. American Economic Review, 103(3), 203-207.
  • bookmark Branch, E. H. (2011). Opportunity denied: Limiting Black women to devalued work. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
  • bookmark Browne, I., & Misra, J. (2003). The intersection of gender and race in the labor market. Annual Review of Sociology, 29(1), 487-513.
  • bookmark Broyles, P., & Fenner, W. (2010). Race, human capital, and wage discrimination in STEM professions in the United States. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 30(5), 251-266.
  • bookmark Burris, B. H. (1998). Computerization of the workplace. Annual Review of Sociology, 24(1), 141-157.
  • bookmark Campbell, C., & Pearlman, J. (2013). Period effects, cohort effects, and the narrowing gender wage gap. Social Science Research, 42(6), 1693-1711.
  • bookmark Card, D., & DiNardo, J. E. (2002). Skill-biased technological change and rising wage inequality: Some problems and puzzles. Journal of Labor Economics, 20(4), 733-783.
  • bookmark Cellan-Jones, R. (2014). Stephen hawking warns artificial intelligence could end mankind. BBC News, 2. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-30290540.
  • bookmark Davies, A. (2016). Uber’s self-driving truck makes its first delivery: 50,000 beers. Wired.com. Retrieved from https://www.wired.com/2016/ 10/ubers-self-driving-truck-makes-first-delivery-50000-beers.
  • bookmark Davis, G. F. (2016). The Vanishing American Corporation: Navigating the Hazards of a New Economy. Oakland, CA: Berrett-Kohler.
  • bookmark Davis, K. M. (2017). Hard work is not enough: Gender and racial inequality in an urban workspace. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press.
  • bookmark Doyle, J., & Dean, T. (1996). Strategic directions in artificial intelligence. ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR), 28(4), 653-670.
  • bookmark England, P. (2010). The gender revolution: Uneven and stalled. Gender & Society, 24(2), 149-166.
  • bookmark Executive Office of the President. (2016). Artificial intelligence, automation, and the economy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  • bookmark Florida, R. L. (2016). New Urban Crisis. New York: Basic Books.
  • bookmark Florida, R. L. (2005). Cities and the Creative Class. New York: Routledge.
  • bookmark Frey, C. B., & Osborne, M. A. (2013). The future of employment: How susceptible are jobs to computerisation?. University of Oxford.
  • bookmark Galster, G., & Sharkey, P. (2017). Spatial foundations of inequality: A conceptual model and empirical overview. RSF, 3(2), 1-33.
  • bookmark Gatchair, S. (2013). Race/ethnicity and education effects on employment in high technology industries and occupations in the US, 1992-2002. Review of Black Political Economy, 40(4), 357-370.
  • bookmark Goss, E. P., & Phillips, J. M. (2002). How information technology affects wages: Evidence using internet usage as a proxy for IT skills. Journal of Labor Research, 23(3), 463-474.
  • bookmark Holzer, H. J. (1991). The spatial mismatch hypothesis: What has the evidence shown? Urban Studies, 28(1), 105-122.
  • bookmark Ihlanfeldt, K. R., & Sjoquist, D. L. (1998). The spatial mismatch hypothesis: a review of recent studies and their implications for welfare reform. Housing Policy Debate, 9(4), 849-892.
  • bookmark Kain, J. F. (1968). Housing segregation, negro employment, and metropolitan decentralization. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 82(2), 175-197.
  • bookmark Kain, J. F. (1992). The spatial mismatch hypothesis: three decades later. Housing Policy Debate, 3(2), 371-460.
  • bookmark Kalleberg, A. L. (2011). Good jobs, bad jobs: The rise of polarized and precarious employment systems in the United States, 1970s to 2000s. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
  • bookmark Lamont, M. (1992). Money, Morals, and Manners: The Culture of the French and American Upper Class. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • bookmark Lee, N. (2016). Growth with inequality? The local consequences of innovation and creativity. Handbook on the Geographies of Innovation: 419.
  • bookmark Liebow, E. (1967). Tally’s Corner. Boston: Little, Brown & Co.
  • bookmark Malecki, E. J. (2010). Everywhere? The geography of knowledge. Journal of Regional Science, 50(1), 493-513.
  • bookmark Manning, A. (2004). We can work it out: The impact of technological change on the demand for low-skill workers. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 51(5), 581-608.
  • bookmark Moretti, E. (2012). The New Geography of Jobs. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
  • bookmark Nakano Glenn, E.. (2002). Unequal Freedom: How Race and Gender Shaped American Citizenship and Labor. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • bookmark National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Information Technology and the U.S. Workforce: Where Are We and Where Do We Go from Here?. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi:https://doi.org/10.17226/24649
  • bookmark National Science Foundation. (2017). Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 2017. Special Report NSF 17-310. Arlington, VA. Available at www.nsf.gov/statistics/wmpd/.
  • bookmark Raphael, S. (1998). The spatial mismatch hypothesis and black youth joblessness: Evidence from the San Francisco bay area. Journal of Urban Economics, 43(1), 79-111.
  • bookmark Roco, M. C., & Bainbridge, W. S. (2013). The new world of discovery, invention, and innovation: Convergence of knowledge, technology, and society. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 15(9), 1946.
  • bookmark Simmie, J. (2002). Knowledge spillovers and reasons for the concentration of innovative SMEs. Urban Studies, 39(5-6), 885-902.
  • bookmark Smith-Doerr, L., Alegria, S., & Sacco, T. (2017). How diversity matters in the u.s. science and engineering workforce: A critical review considering teams, fields, and organizational contexts. Engaging Science, Technology and Society, 3(: 139-153.
  • bookmark Storper, M., & Venables, A. J. (2004). Buzz: face-to-face contact and the urban economy. Journal of Economic Geography, 4(4), 351-370.
  • bookmark Wingfield, A. H. (2012). No More Invisible Man: Race and Gender in Men’s Work. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
  • bookmark Woolf, B.P., Lane, H.C., Chaudhri, V. K., & Kolodner, J. L. (2013). AI Grand Challenges for Education. AI Magazine, 34(4), 66-83.
  • bookmark Zilberstein, S. (2015). Building strong semi-autonomous systems. In Twenty-Ninth AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (pp. 4088-4092). Austin, TX.

Academic Participants

Name Affilitation Details
Ifeoma Ajunwa Cornell University Industrial and Labor Relations School
Renata Revelo Alonso University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen University of Buffalo Department of Geography
Ruha Benjamin Princeton University Department of African American Studies
Program in the History of Science
Department of Sociology
Center for Health and Wellbeing
Program in Gender and Sexuality Studies
Program in Global Health and Health Policy
Margrit Betke Boston University Department of Computer Science
The Image and Video Computing Group
Anna Branch University of Massachusetts Amherst Sociology Department, Chancellor's Office
Joel Branch LucD
Carla Brodley Northeastern University
Department of Computer Science
Applied Machine Learning Group
Robbin Chapman Wellesley College Department of Education
Provost's Office
Vincent Conitzer Duke University Computer Science
Jordan Crouser Smith College Department of Computer Science
Statistical and Data Science
Haydee Cuevas Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University School of Graduate Studies
Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
Cedric De Leon Tufts University Department of Sociology
Tawanna Dillahunt University of Michigan School of Information
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Ray Fouche Purdue College School of Interdisciplinary Studies
Jason Garvey University of Vermont Department of Leadership and Developmental Sciences
Juan Gilbert University of Florida Computer & Information Science & Engineering
Human-Experience Research Lab
Michael Goodman University of Massachusetts Dartmouth Public Policy
Public Policy Center
Darrick Hamilton The New School Department of Economics
Milano School of International Affairs and Management
Sneha Veeragoudar Harrell Massachusetts Institute of Technology National Center for Women & Information Technology
Kaye Husbands Fealing Georgia Institute of Technology School of Public Policy
Charles Isbell Georgia Institute of Technology School of Interactive Computing
GVU Center + Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Machines
Kelly Joyce Drexel University Center for Science, Technology and Society
Department of Sociology
Nancey Green Leigh Georgia Institute of Technology School of City and Regional Planning
College of Design
Edward Malecki Ohio State University Department of Geography
Edward (Ned) Moore Central Connecticut State University Engineering
Alondra Nelson Columbia University Department of Sociology
Social Science Research Council
Deborah Nightingale National Academy of Engineering
Mia Ong TERC
Jason Owen-Smith University of Michigan Barger Leadership Institute
Institute for Research on Innovation and Science
Marie Paretti Virginia Tech Department of Engineering Education
Virginia Tech Engineering Communications Center
Henry Renski University of Massachusetts Amherst Landscape Architecture & Regional Plan
Institute for Social Science Reseach
Shannon Roberts University of Massachusetts Amherst Mechanical & Industrial Engineering Department
Susan Roberts Worcester Polytechnic Institute Chemical Engineering Department
Biology and Biotechnology Department
Biomedical Engineering Department
Julie Shah Massachusetts Institute of Technology Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory
Interactive Robotics
Laurel Smith-Doerr University of Massachusetts Amherst Sociology Department
Institute for Social Science Research
Anna Swan Boston University Dept.of Electrical and Computer Engineering
BU Photonics Center
Moshe Vardi Rice University Computer Science Dept.
The Ken Kennedy Institute for Information Technology
Langdon Winner Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Science and Technology Studies
Shlomo Zilberstein University of Massachusetts Amherst Resource Bounded Reasoning Lab
Information & Computer Science

Stakeholder Participants

Name Affilitation
Kenneth Bailey Design Studio for Social Interaction
Mareshia Donald AWIS
Thomas Fitzgerald Massachusetts State Police
Manish Gaurav Burning Glass Technologies
Angela Johnson Transportation for Massachusetts
Sandra Kogan IBM
Ted Landsmark Dukakis Center Northeastern University
Joseph McLaughlin Boston Private Industry Council
Matthew Poirier USDOT-FMCSA
Anjali Sakaria Boston Federal Reserve
David Sittenfeld Museum of Science
Katie Stebbins UMass Presidents Office
Nancy Taylor Old South Church Boston
Anika Van Eaton Boston Private Industry Council
Ryan Wallace Maine Center for Business and Economic Research
Victor Woolridge UMass Housing Authority
Karen Yee AWIS